Diet for gastritis

Nutrition for gastritis: what can and cannot be eaten?

Gastritis is one of the most common diseases of our time. Frequent snacks and jogging meals, a wide variety of fast food, poor-quality food poisoning - all this can cause gastritis. This is probably the reason why many people suffer from stomach problems. But how do you deal with them?

For this, it is not necessary to constantly take drugs, the main thing in the treatment is the correct and well-chosen diet, which will not cause irritation of the mucous membrane and exacerbation of the disease, but at the same time will saturate. the body with all the necessary macronutrients and vitamins.

vegetable puree soup for gastritis

Basic rules

The main task of the gastritis diet is to adhere to a diet that ensures normal digestion. The treatment table for gastritis (per day) should contain:

  • 90-100 gr. squirrel (and 60% animals),
  • 50-80 gr. fat (75% animals)
  • 300-320 gr. carbohydrates.

Nutrition rules for gastritis:

  1. Knowledge of measurement. With gastritis, the saying "after a meal there should be a slight feeling of hunger" is more relevant than ever. Firstly, the feeling of fullness occurs only 10-15 minutes after eating, and secondly, an overflowing stomach does not cope well with its functions, especially gastritis.
  2. Diet. First, you need to follow the food intake (at the same time). Secondly, with gastritis, the food must be divided, 4-5 times a day, but at the same time it is necessary to refuse snacks (they provoke an "excessive" secretion of gastric juice and reduce its production during breakfast / lunch / dinner, which violates the processes of food processing and assimilation). You should categorically exclude reading while eating, watching TV, and "running on the go. "
  3. Rest after eating. After each meal, you need to rest for 15-20 minutes (no need to sleep). You can read a book or listen to music.
  4. Chew foodProlonged chewing of food (at least 25-30 seconds for each piece) contributes to a more complete mechanical processing of food, making it easier to work a sick stomach. In addition, hunger in this case is satisfied faster (which prevents overeating). Rejection of complex dishes.

The total energy value should be 2200-2800 kcal.

Nutrition with high acidity

With this form of gastritis, it is recommended to use a diet aimed at the thermal and mechanical preservation of the stomach, as well as the reduction of gastric secretion.

Allowed Products:

  • casseroles, cheesecakes, meatballs, baked cheesecakes;
  • milk, especially with tea, all kinds of fermented dairy products, including yogurt and yogurt, freshly ground cottage cheese;
  • Fish, meat or chicken soups cooked in cereal broth;
  • dry white cookies, vegetables and butter, milk soups with cereals or pasta;
  • steamed omelettes, bagged eggs, vegetable dishes in the form of mashed potatoes, puddings, soufflés, soft tea, jellied sweet fruits and berries, creams and compotes;
  • beef, lean meat, chicken in the form of meatballs, puddings, zraz, steamed cutlets (1-2 times a week, it is allowed to eat boiled lean meat in pieces).

Prohibited Products:

  • fatty broths from mushrooms and meat;
  • carbonated drinks;
  • smoked meats with spices;
  • raw vegetables, pickles, pickles, spicy vegetable snacks, lemon juice;
  • black bread.

The purpose of the diet is to exacerbate gastritis with high acidity to normalize the functioning of the intestines and stomach, limiting thermal, chemical and mechanical stimuli.

food pyramid for gastritis

Low acid nutrition

The purpose of the diet for low acid gastritis is to stimulate (in moderation) the production of gastric juice, as well as the mechanical preservation of the stomach.

Forbidden foods for hypoacid gastritis:

  • restriction of pearl barley, legumes, millet;
  • fresh bread, baked goods ("heavy" food for the stomach, complicates chemical and mechanical processing);
  • fatty and salty fish;
  • vegetables and fruits with coarse fiber (white cabbage, turnips, radishes, cucumbers, peppers), mushrooms;
  • fatty meats, meats with fascia (films), canned foods, smoked meats (improper mechanical food processing, excessive release of hydrochloric acid);
  • spicy and salty varieties of cheeses, milk - neutralizes hydrochloric acid;
  • berries with grains or thick skin (raspberries, strawberries, red currants, currants, figs);
  • spices and herbs (irritate the stomach lining), as well as chocolate, grape juice, alcohol;
  • lard and fat from pork, beef, lamb (not absorbed due to the low production of hydrochloric acid, products that are difficult to digest).

Food should be taken after the beginning of the secretion of hydrochloric acid, that is, in the first phase (advertising or programs about food, beautiful pictures of food, "tasty" conversations can provoke the release of gastric juice).

Diet for gastritis in acute stage.

Particular attention should be paid to the diet for gastritis in the acute stage. The requirements for the products are the same as for all types of this pathology, but more stringent.

In the acute form of the disease, it is recommended:

  • low-fat cottage cheese;
  • Yesterday's white bread and no pastries or muffins;
  • only lean meat, boiled and minced or finely chopped;
  • soups exclusively in vegetable broths;
  • non-acidic jams and jellies;
  • soft-boiled or steamed omelette eggs;
  • Vegetable purees from the baby food range, it is also good to borrow fish and meat purees from a jar from babies;
  • sugar-free teas or infusions.

During the period of immediate exacerbation of the menu, they are completely excluded:

  • products with preservatives, flavor enhancers, artificial colors;
  • raw vegetables and fruits;
  • milk and dairy dishes;
  • all kinds of pastries, except yesterday's bread;
  • margarine, cooking oil and butter;
  • pearl barley;
  • all kinds of beans and beans.

Also, all general restrictions on the products themselves and the preparation methods remain in effect. Usually the crisis passes in 3-4 days, then the diet becomes more varied, in accordance with the general recommendations for patients with gastritis.

Sample menu for a week

To get an idea of the diet, you can roughly refer to the menu of the diet for gastritis of the stomach for a week with recipes. There is a clear fractional diet schedule: eat multiple times a day. This meal for a week looks attractive and meets energy needs thanks to a well thought-out calorie content.

Day 1:

  • Breakfast: buckwheat, milk souffle, tea.
  • Second breakfast: 1 glass of sweet oat broth.
  • Lunch: slimy rice soup, spaghetti with beef, boiled carrots and peas, cocoa with milk.
  • Afternoon snack: fermented milk cottage cheese.
  • Dinner: vegetable casserole, steamed meatballs, a light decoction of herbs with honey.
  • Before going to bed: 1 glass of fruit jelly.

Day 2:

  • Breakfast: boiled egg, dry bread, boiled oatmeal, apple and rosehip decoction.
  • Second breakfast: compote of boiled nuts (1 glass) and dry biscuit.
  • Lunch: buckwheat soup, pumpkin puree, crazy chicken, milk tea (sugar can be added).
  • Snack: 1 glass of milk, yogurt, kefir and toast (fried bread is unacceptable).
  • Dinner: noodles with steamed veal balls, vegetable salad with sour cream, cocoa. Before bedtime: 250 grams of low-fat fermented baked milk.

Day 3:

  • Breakfast: oatmeal, boiled fish, tea with milk;
  • Second breakfast: milk jelly.
  • Lunch: vegetable soup with chicken, mashed potatoes and carrots, steamed cutlet, cocoa with milk.
  • Afternoon snack: fermented milk cottage cheese.
  • Dinner: a meatball with boiled peas, toasts, compote of dried fruits.
  • Before going to bed: kefir or milk.

Day 4:

  • Breakfast: cottage cheese made from fermented milk with honey, toast, compote of dried fruits.
  • Second breakfast: kefir or 1 glass of milk.
  • Lunch: soup of mashed potatoes, casserole with vegetables and rabbit, compote of nuts.
  • Afternoon snack: mousse or milk souffle with fresh fruit.
  • Dinner: rice porridge with boiled rabbit, boiled carrots and peas, tea with milk.
  • Before going to bed: cocoa with milk and 2 pieces of oatmeal cookies.

Day 5:

  • Breakfast: boiled egg, dry bread, boiled oatmeal, cocoa with milk.
  • Second breakfast: 1 glass of sweet oat broth.
  • Lunch: pea soup, steamed fish, baked pumpkin.
  • Afternoon snack - milk jelly.
  • Dinner: vegetable casserole, steamed fish, rosehip broth.
  • Before going to bed: 1 glass of kefir and oatmeal cookies.

Day 6:

  • Breakfast: buckwheat flour, milk souffle, tea.
  • Second breakfast: baked fruit and a glass of milk.
  • Lunch: soup with cauliflower, zrazy with rice, cocoa with milk.
  • Snack: vegetable casserole and tea.
  • Dinner: steamed fish with carrots and peas, salad with greens and sour cream, rosehip decoction.

Day 7:

  • Breakfast: baked apples with curd and raisin filling, toast, juice.
  • Second breakfast: kefir or milk.
  • Lunch: vegetable soup with chicken, mashed potatoes and carrots, steamed cutlet, cocoa with milk.
  • Snack: cottage cheese fermented milk with honey.
  • Dinner: noodles with boiled chicken, baked pumpkin, cocoa with milk.
  • Before going to bed: 1 glass of fruit jelly.

The acute stage of the disease with such a diet will quickly pass into the remission stage of gastritis.

oatmeal for gastritis

Menu of the week, option number 2

People on a gastritis diet are advised to plan their menu for a week with recipes in advance. A clear action plan will help you avoid unhealthy snacks. It is much easier when the necessary food is prepared in the patient's refrigerator. And a person knows how and what can be quickly cooked with them.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Steamed fish cutlet. Boiled potatoes. Tea.
  • Reinforcement - 10: 00. Low-fat cottage cheese.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Pearl barley soup with vegetables. Buckwheat porridge with boiled meat. Compote.
  • Reinforcements - 16: 00. Sweet cookies. Carrot juice.
  • Dinner - 18: 30-19: 00. Baked chicken meatballs. Mashed potatoes in the water. CharlotteTea.
  • In the evening - 9: 00 p. m. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Oatmeal omelette with egg whites. Tea.
  • Reinforcement - 10: 00. Baked apples.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Low fat vegetable soup. Rice porridge with boiled chicken. Compote.
  • Reinforcements - 16: 00. Sweet cookies. Rosehip drink.
  • Dinner - 18: 30-19: 00. Mashed potatoes with a slice of lean fish. Semolina pudding. Kissel.
  • At night. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Rice porridge with turkey meatballs. Milk tea.
  • Reinforcement - 10: 00. Curd casserole with low-fat sour cream.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Vegetable soup. Steamed rabbit cutlets with vegetable stew. Compote.
  • Reinforcements - 16: 00. Sweet cookies. Rosehip drink.
  • Dinner - 18: 30-19: 00. Oatmeal in half milk with chicken meatballs. Fresh berry juice.
  • In the evening - 9: 00 p. m. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning: 7: 00. Boiled tongue. Semolina porridge with half milk. Tea.
  • Reinforcement - 10: 00. Baked apple.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Vegetable soup with fine noodles. Mashed potatoes in water with boiled turkey meat. Compote.
  • Reinforcements - 16: 00. Galette cookies. Rosehip drink.
  • Dinner - 18: 30-19: 00. Potato casserole with minced meat. Tea.
  • In the evening - 9: 00 p. m. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Buckwheat porridge with protein omelette. Milk tea.
  • Reinforcement - 10: 00. Kissel.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Vegetable soup. Chicken meatballs with boiled vegetable puree. Compote.
  • Reinforcements - 16: 00. Sweet cookies. Compote of dried fruits.
  • Dinner - 18: 30-19: 00. Mashed potatoes in the water with boiled fish. Tea.
  • In the evening - 9: 00 p. m. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Oatmeal with half milk. Lean Steamed Fish Cakes. Tea.
  • Reinforcement - 10: 00. Fresh low-fat cottage cheese. Baked apple.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Vegetable soup. Boiled potatoes. Beef stroganoff. Compote.
  • Reinforcements - 16: 00. Sweet cookies. Tea.
  • Dinner - 18: 30-19: 00. Baked fish. Boiled carrot puree. Tea.
  • In the evening - 9: 00 p. m. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Baked meat soufflé. Oatmeal with half milk. Tea.
  • Reinforcement - 10: 00. Carrot and apple soufflé.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Rice soup with vegetables. Buckwheat porridge with steamed rabbit meat cutlets. Carrot and banana juice.
  • Reinforcements - 16: 00. Sweet cookies. Tea.
  • Dinner - 18: 30-19: 00. Mashed potatoes in the water. Boiled fishRosehip drink.
  • In the evening - 9: 00 p. m. A glass of low-fat kefir.

How much should a diet for stomach gastritis be followed? Close monitoring is necessary during an exacerbation and in the first months afterward. But ideally, a patient diagnosed with gastritis should adhere to the recommended table during remission. However, menu extensions and holiday exceptions are possible. If only within reasonable limits, and if we are not talking about coffee, cigarettes, alcohol and fatty foods.

Recipes for gastritis.

Dietetics offers different recipes to diversify the diet for gastritis in adults and children. They have delicate heat treatment regimes, they do not use spices or fats.

The main rule of nutrition for a sick stomach: food should be at a medium temperature. A hot or cold meal will aggravate ulcerative gastritis. Below we will describe some recipes to eat at home with an upset stomach.

soft breakfast for gastritis

Zrazy beef


  • 200 g of lean beef or veal;
  • 20 g of cooked rice;
  • 30 g of salty crackers;
  • half a teaspoon of butter.


  • Grind the meat in a blender or meat grinder.
  • Add the cookies.
  • Form a cake.
  • Place the rice and oil in the center of each. It will add a creamy flavor.
  • Form zraz and send to a double boiler or multi-cooker for 15 minutes.
crazy beef for gastritis

Steam pearls


  • beef - 200 g,
  • roll - 10 g,
  • oil - 10 g.

Combine the minced meat in a meat grinder with a stale bread soaked in water and go through a meat grinder. Add water, salt and blend well. Form the meatballs and steam.

steam balls for gastritis

Fish in jelly


  • pike perch - 200 g,
  • carrots - 5 g
  • gelatin, egg - 1/4.


  • The cleaned fish is cut into small pieces and boiled in a pre-cooked vegetable broth.
  • Swollen gelatin is added to the resulting broth, mixed well, and filtered through double gauze.
  • The fish is placed in a bowl or mold, the bottom is decorated with chopped carrots, poured with strained broth and cooled.
  • The pieces of fish are poured with broth and cooled.
fish aspic for gastritis

Curd cream


  • curd mass - 100 g,
  • sugar - 25 g
  • butter, egg - 1/4,
  • sour cream - 20 g,
  • vanilla sugar,
  • milk - 30 g,
  • flour - 5 g.


  • a sauce is prepared with flour, milk, eggs and sugar.
  • the egg yolk is ground with wheat flour and sugar,
  • it is poured with boiling milk and heated with constant stirring until thick,
  • Oil is added to the cooled mass.
  • Grated cottage cheese, vanilla sugar, sour cream are added to the resulting mixture,
  • all the dough is well ground and placed in a salad bowl.
curd cream for gastritis

Milk soup with breadcrumbs


  • milk - 400 g,
  • sugar, crackers - 50 g,
  • egg yolk - 1/3,
  • vanilla, oil, water - 50 g.


  • Crushed white cookies are added to the milk and the water is brought to a boil.
  • The yolk, ground with sugar, is added to the milk removed from the heat, butter is added before serving.
milk soup with croutons for gastritis

May l . . .?

What is allowed and what is not? List of basic foods and drinks.

  1. Fish: Only low-fat types of marine fish such as haddock, cod, and hake. Among river fish, walleye and pike are the best. It is better to refuse canned fish and fried fish completely, during their manufacture all useful properties of any fish are lost, and many spices and preservatives, carcinogens, can be obtained. As with meat, it is best to steam fish, limiting spices.
  2. Coffee - it is absolutely impossible to drink black coffee with gastritis on an empty stomach, even in large quantities, especially with increased acidity of the stomach. With low acidity, coffee or cocoa with milk is allowed, but only in limited quantities.
  3. Meat - can be eaten with gastritis, but only low-fat varieties: beef, veal, chicken, rabbit. Steamed cutlets are especially helpful for gastritis, as the meat is finely minced and steamed. If it is only steamed meat, then it should be chewed very carefully and not abused, since any meat product is a burden on the stomach. Naturally, neither smoked, smoked, nor raw sausages or sausages can be used for gastritis.
  4. Cheese: spicy or overly salty cheeses are not allowed for any gastritis, even ordinary hard cheese should be eaten in limited quantities in small slices.
  5. Bananas - Can bananas be used for gastritis? It is a healthy fruit that contains a little fiber, is soft, easy to digest and contains many nutrients that the body needs. And although diet No. 5 prohibits fruits such as dates, bananas, many gastroenterologists believe that its moderate consumption can not harm and bananas should and can be consumed with gastritis.
  6. Watermelon is something that can be eaten with gastritis, but very little. With any acidity, you can eat only 1-2 slices.
  7. Melon is almost the hardest vegetable product not only for the stomach, but also for the pancreas and gallbladder. The digestive tract of even an absolutely healthy person has a hard time coping with melon, which is why everyone suffering from gastritis should give up such a dubious product.
  8. Chocolate - it is better to give up this product entirely.
  9. Nuts, seeds, legumes: types of nuts should not be used for gastritis, the same applies to seeds and legumes.
  10. Honey can be used because it has wound healing properties and is considered an enriched and useful product. However, everything is good in moderation, especially since many people can be allergic to bee products.
haddock with gastritis

Is it possible to completely get rid of gastritis?

In mild cases, with superficial gastritis, it is possible to cure it completely if you lead a healthy lifestyle and observe the following strict rules, which in practice turns out to be quite a difficult task:

  1. Meals should be 5-6 times a day, at certain times, the last meal should be at least 2 hours before bedtime.
  2. Constant adherence to a diet, no dry food, fast food.
  3. Avoid smoking and drinking.
  4. Eliminate overeating and long breaks.
  5. Lack of physical overexertion, constantly monitor the state of the body, do not overwork, do not over exert yourself, sleep at least 8 hours a day at night and preferably 1 hour during the day.

It is also worth working on yourself to develop resistance to stress (resistance to stress) or to exclude psycho-emotional overload.